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Unit - 10 The Earth and Space [Class-9]

Reading I - A Message from Another Planet

Look at the picture below and answer the questions.

What do you see in the picture?

Do you think life exists on planets other than Earth?

Answer:

I can see a boy fishing on the bank of the river.

Yes, I think life exists on planets other than Earth.

A. Find the words from the story that are either opposite or similar to the words below.

dawn (opposite)              b.  shining (similar)

took off (opposite)         d.  modern (similar)

descended (opposite)           f.   great (similar)

Answer:

twilight         b. flashing        c. landed

advanced      e. ascended      f. enormous

Match the words with their meanings.

saucer  i.  a ship or large boat

spaceship ii.  a long comfortable seat

vessel   iii. short bursts of bright light

flashing    iv.  a vehicle that travels in space, carrying people

couch   v.  a machine that is designed to do a particular thing in the home

broadcast vi.  a small shallow round dish that a cup stands on

appliance vii. to send out a programme on television or radio

Answer:

saucer           vi.  a small shallow round dish that a cup stands on

spaceship      iv.  a vehicle that travels in space, carrying people

vessel            i.  a ship or large boat

flashing         iii. short bursts of bright light

couch            ii.  a long comfortable seat

broadcast      vii. to send out a programme on television or radio

appliance      v.  a machine that is designed to do a particular thing in the home

Put the following events in the correct order.

They gave Suren a tiny computer.

The spaceship landed back on the bank of the Sunkoshi River.

A voice welcomed him and asked him to sit on the couch.

Suren wondered whether he had been dreaming.

Suren had been fishing when he saw a bright object over the Sunkoshi River.

They wanted to send a message to the leader of Nepal and the world.

When Suren went closer to the vessel, he was pulled into it.

Answer:

Suren had been fishing when he saw a bright object over the Sunkoshi River.

When Suren went closer to the vessel, he was pulled into it.

A voice welcomed him and asked him to sit on the couch.

They wanted to send a message to the leader of Nepal and the world.

They gave Suren a tiny computer.

The spaceship landed back on the bank of the Sunkoshi River.

Suren wondered whether he had been dreaming.

Answer the following questions.

What did Suren think about the bright object at first?

Where had Suren seen a spaceship before?

How did Suren feel when he was drawn inside the vessel?

How had they known about Suren?

How do they manage resources on their planet?

Why did Suren express his inability to deliver a message at first?

What message did they want to pass on?

Why did they give Suren a tiny computer?

Do you think people will believe Suren's story? Give your reasons.

Answer:

Suren thought that it was a helicopter probably going to Diktel.

Suren had seen the spaceship in the film before.

Suren felt frightened when he was drawn inside the vessel.

They had known about Suren by using long distance listening device.

They manage the resources on their planet by setting up collection centres and by recycling the things which are no longer in use.

Suren expressed his inability to deliver a message at first because he thought that leaders would not listen to a poor kid like him.

They wanted to pass on the message that collection centers should be set up in every town and city on Earth and cans, bottles, old household appliances, in fact, everything which is no longer in use, should be taken there and recycled.

They gave Suren a tiny computer to make Suren's story believable to everyone.

Yes, I think people will believe Suren's story because they gave Suren a far more advanced tiny computer which is not found in the earth till now.

If you met someone from another planet, what advice would you ask for about the Earth or Nepal?

Grammar I

Fill in the blanks with prepositions in, at or on.

We will meet ……….. the corner of the street on Sunday at 5: 00 pm.

Phurba is studying English literature  …………. Ratna Rajya Campus.

The horses are grazing …….. the field.

Rima and Nakul got married ………. Bhadrakali temple 10 years ago.

What time did you arrive …….. the hotel?

Rachita lives ………….. England these days.

The cat is somewhere ……… the house.

There is a picture of house ……. Sheetal’s T-shirt.

The instruction is ……. the top of the page.

The dog is sleeping ……. the carpet.

Answer:

at b. in c. in d. at e. at f. in g. in h. on i. on j. on

Choose one of the words/phrases from the box and complete the sentences below using in, at or on.

the air      a farmschoolprisonthe airport
Shanti Chalchitra Hallbedhospitalthe station

Example: My train arrives at 4:30. Can you meet me at the station?

I love Saturdays the most. I can stay ……….. until eight.

My favourite movie Pashupati Prasad is playing ………..

Many people are …….. for the crime they committed.

I like the village, especially the fresh air. I think I should work ……..  my village.

Did you make many friends when you were ………….. ?

Aryashila had an accident last month. She is still ………..

It was not a long flight. We were ………. for only 25 minutes.

When our flight was delayed, we had to wait ………. for about two hours.

Answer:

I love Saturdays the most. I can stay on bed until eight.

My favourite movie Pashupati Prasad is playing in Shanti Chalchitra Hall.

Many people are in prison for the crime they committed.

I like the village, especially the fresh air. I think I should work on a farm in my village.

Did you make many friends when you were in school?

Aryashila had an accident last month. She is still in hospital.

It was not a long flight. We were in the air for only 25 minutes.

When our flight was delayed, we had to wait at the airport for about two hours.

Reading II Up-Hill

Summary of the Poem

Understanding

A. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B.

Column A             Column B

wind    i.        person who usually travels on foot

morn   ii.   a small hotel, usually in the country

inn       iii.   to have many bends and twists

wayfarer iv.  look for

seek     v.   morning

Answer:

wind    i.   to have many bends and twists

morn   ii.  morning

inn      iii.  a small hotel, usually in the country

wayfarer iv.  person who usually travels on foot

seek     v.  look for

B. Complete the summary of the poem using suitable words or phrases given below.

the road ahead up-hill someone a place  a journey in the affirmative on the way everyone  fellow travellers an inn

The speaker is making ……………. with her guide. She asks the guide eight different questions about …………. The first question is if the road is all ……………. and if the journey will take all day. The guide replies …………….. Next, she asks if there is ……………. to rest for the night. The guide informs the speaker that there is ……………. which she won’t miss. The speaker’s fifth question is, whether she will meet the other travellers ……………..  At the inn, the speaker asks if she should knock or call the …………….. The guide replies that……………. will open the door. Lastly, the speaker asks if there will be a bed for her. The guide tells her that there are beds for…………….

Answer:

The speaker is making a journey with her guide. She asks the guide eight different questions about the road ahead The first question is if the road is all uphill and if the journey will take all day. The guide replies in the affirmative Next, she asks if there is an inn to rest for the night. The guide informs the speaker that there is a place which she won’t miss. The speaker’s fifth question is, whether she will meet the other travellers on the way.  At the inn, the speaker asks if she should knock or call fellow travellers The guide replies that someone will open the door. Lastly, the speaker asks if there will be a bed for her. The guide tells her that there are beds for everyone.

C. Answer the following questions.

How far is the road up-hill, according to the guide?

What does the speaker doubt about the place to rest?

Who has travelled the road before?

What is the speaker’s seventh question?

Who do you think opens the door?

Answer:

According to the guide, the road up-hill is too long that will take a whole day from morning to night to complete the journey.

The speaker doubts whether there is an inn to rest for the whole night or not.

The other wayfarers have travelled the road before.

The seventh question is whether she will find comfort or ease after her difficult journey being tired and weak.

I think, God opens the door.

Write a short description of an interesting road that you have recently travelled along.

Grammar II

Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions from the brackets.

Due ……. a traffic jam, we are late today.  (with/to/at)

I’m sorry. You are not eligible …..........  admission to this course. (with/for/of)

Look! She is playing ……….. her young son. (with/to/in)

The District Administration Office is entrusted ….........…

maintain law and order in the city. (to/with/of)

He is envious …………. his rich neighbour. (with/of/off)

He became estranged …............. his family after the argument. (with/from/of)

You had no excuse …… misbehaving with the clerk. (of/for/to)

I’m quite familiar ...............…. her. (at/with/to)

She was brought ………. by her grandmother. (out/in/up)

Gopal left home because he did not want to abide .................... his father’s wishes. (to/with/by)

Answer:

Due to a traffic jam, we are late today.

I’m sorry. You are not eligible for admission to this course.

Look! She is playing with her young son.

The District Administration Office is entrusted to maintain law and order in the city.

He is envious of his rich neighbour.

He became estranged from his family after the argument. (with/from/of)

You had no excuse for misbehaving with the clerk.

I’m quite familiar to her. (at/with/to)

She was brought up by her grandmother.

Gopal left home because he did not want to abide by his father’s wishes.

Choose and circle the correct prepositions (in brackets) in the paragraphs below.

Mr Pandey arrived in Kathmandu (on/in) May 10 (at/on) eight o’clock (in/on) the evening. He decided to call on his uncle who lived (on, in) Bhaktapur. He got on a bus (at/of) the station and paid the fare (to/for) the conductor. The bus was very crowded, so Mr Pandey had to stand up all the way.

When he reached Thimi, Mr Pandy got off the bus and walked a short distance (in/to) the house where his uncle lived. He knocked (at/ in) the door (of/on) his uncle’s house. He waited (for/during) a few minutes, but no one came (to/at) the door. He was disappointed to find no one (to/at) home. He saw a bench (at/to) the corner of the porch, and he sat down (on/in) it to wait for his uncle.

Answer:

on  at  in  in  at

to   to  at  of  for

at  at  at  on

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