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Unit-17: Global Warming and Climate Change [Class - 9]

Unit-17 Global Warming and Climate Change [Class - 9]
Unit-17 Global Warming and Climate Change [Class - 9]

Global Warming and Climate Change

Getting started

Look at the pictures and discuss the causes and consequences of global warming and climate change.

Answer the following questions.

a. What is the name of your favourite movie?

b. What sort of movie is it?

c. What do you like about the movie? What are its weaknesses?

Answer:

a. The name of my favourite movie is 'Chhakka Panja-2'.

b. It is a social movie.

c. I like the story, acting and sound of the movie. Its light and effects are not so good.

Reading - I Movie Review: 'Chasing Ice'

A. Match the following words with their meanings.

a. reluctant ⇛v. hesitating to do something

b. intriguing⇛iv. arousing one's curiosity or interest; fascinating

c. exquisite⇛i. extremely beautiful or carefully made

d. avalanche⇛ii. a mass of snow, ice and rock that falls down the side of a mountain

e. overwhelming⇛iii. very great; so powerful that you cannot resist it

f. credibility⇛vi. the quality of being trusted and believed in

B. Find the words from the text and fill in the crossword puzzle.

Across

3. part of a film showing a particular event- footage

5. to find the origin or cause of something- trace

6. a film or a radio or television programme giving facts about something- documentary

Down

1. the fact of soil, stone, etc. being gradually damaged and removed by the waves, rain, or wind-erosion

2. an attitude of doubting that claims or statements are true- scepticism

4. having or showing very strong feelings- intense

7. to succeed in doing or completing something; achieve- accomplish

C. Complete the sentences with the appropriate words/phrases from the text 'Chasing Ice'.

Answer:

a. Chasing Ice glacial erosion is the result of climate change.

b. The beginning of the film is set in Los Angeles on Nov. 23.

c. James Balog began his project with a photography programme called Extreme Ice Survey.

d. Balog wanted to go back to the scene of the photograph to see how the glaciers had changed.

e. The film is based on both data and scientific facts.

f. The audience can have a better view of the images on the bigger screen.

g. Balog's project team consisted of a glaciologist and a climatologist.

h. The person doubting theories on the environment may hesitate to see the film.

D. Answer the following questions.

a. What kind of film is Chasing Ice?

➡Chasing Ice is a documentary film.

b. What is the main objective of the film?

➡The main objective of the film is to provide striking images of how climate change has caused glacial erosion.

c. Why did Balog and his team set up cameras in different places?

Balog and his team set up cameras in different places to be monitored over the course of three years.

d. What helps the audience experience what is happening in the Arctic Zones?

➡This documentary which effectively combines data and scientific facts with visually appealing images helps the audience experience what is happening in the Arctic Zones.

e. How did Balog try to make the film interesting?

➡Balog tried to make the film interesting by explaining his methods and interpreting his results in an easy way.

f. Why is Chasing Ice a worthwhile film?

➡Chasing Ice a worthwhile is film because it combines intriguing theories and exquisite images.

E. Work in a group of four or five. Suggest five practical ways to slow down the adverse effects of climate change.

There are many practical ways to slow down the adverse effects of climate change. Here are five:

  1. Reduce your carbon footprint: One of the most effective ways to slow down the adverse effects of climate change is to reduce your carbon footprint. This can be done by using public transport or walking or cycling instead of driving a car, eating less meat, reducing energy consumption, and using renewable energy sources such as solar power.

  2. Support renewable energy: You can support renewable energy by investing in renewable energy companies, buying green energy from your utility provider, or installing solar panels on your roof. Renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, and hydro are crucial in reducing carbon emissions and slowing down the adverse effects of climate change.

  3. Plant trees: Trees absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen, making them a natural way to slow down the adverse effects of climate change. You can plant trees in your backyard, or support tree-planting initiatives in your community.

  4. Support policies that reduce carbon emissions: Governments play a significant role in slowing down the adverse effects of climate change. You can support policies that reduce carbon emissions, such as a carbon tax or cap-and-trade system, and vote for political leaders who prioritize climate action.

  5. Educate others: Educating others about the adverse effects of climate change and the steps they can take to slow it down is essential. You can do this by sharing information on social media, participating in community events, or volunteering with local environmental organizations.


Grammar I

A. Fill in the gaps with the correct forms of the verbs in the brackets.

a. I …… (have)……  no time to do any additional projects next year.

b. Sambriddhi .....(finish)…. her homework before her parents returned home.

c. My uncle …..(learn)...... to talk in English by the time he finishes this course.

d. Sandeep ……(stay)…… at ours till Monday.

e. The workers ………(build)……. the building for the next two months.

f. You …… (find)...…. the meaning of the unfamiliar words in an hour.

g. We ……... (stay)..….. in Damauli until next Saturday.

h. I think our team ……. (win)......…. the match.

i. By 11 p.m. tonight, she …….. (prepare)........... the report.

j. After I finish my work tonight, I …....… (watch)…........ TV for some time. 

k. The weather forecast says that it …...... (rain)…….. heavily today.

Answer:

a. I will have no time to do any additional projects next year.

b. Sambriddhi had finished her homework before her parents returned home.

c. My uncle will have learned to talk in English by the time he finishes this course.

d. Sandeep will be staying at ours till Monday.

e. The workers will have built the building for the next two months.

f. You will find the meaning of the unfamiliar words in an hour.

g. We will be staying in Damauli until next Saturday.

h. I think our team will win the match.

i. By 11 p.m. tonight, she will have prepared the report.

j. After I finish my work tonight, I will watch TV for some time.

k. The weather forecast says that it will rain heavily today.

B. Rewrite the following paragraph using the verbs in the future tense.

Visiting Her Majesty

I travelled to London to visit the Queen of England. I disguised myself as a prince and walked into Buckingham Palace. After receiving directions from a chambermaid, I stepped into the Queen's bedroom and surprised Her Royal Highness with a hearty slap on the back. Then, of course, I tipped my hat, bowed, and delivered the usual compliments. After uncorking a bottle of champagne, we exchanged pleasantries and talked about our families for more than an hour. I showed her my photo album and my stamp collection. She showed me her historic collection of jewels. After a thoroughly entertaining visit, I traded email addresses with Her Majesty and then kissed her goodbye—on the fingertips of her white gloves, of course.

Answer:

Visiting Her Majesty

I will travel to London to visit the Queen of England. I will disguise myself as a prince and walk into Buckingham Palace. After receiving directions from a chambermaid, I will step into the Queen's bedroom and surprise Her Royal Highness with a hearty slap on the back. Then, of course, I will tip my hat, bow, and deliver the usual compliments. After uncorking a bottle of champagne, we will exchange pleasantries and talk about our families for more than an hour. I will show her my photograph album and my stamp collection. She will show me her historic collection of jewels. After a thoroughly entertaining visit, I will trade email addresses with Her Majesty and then will kiss her goodbye—on the fingertips of her white gloves, of course.

Writing I

Write a short review of your favourite movie. You may use the movie review in Reading I as a model.

Global Warming and Climate Change

Reading II

Look at the picture and answer the following questions.

a. Where do you think the man is?

b. How old do you think he is?

c. What might he be doing?

Answer:

a. The man is in the field.

b. He is probably 45 years old.

c. He might be digging the field to bury something.

A Noisy Party

A. Find the words from the text above that match the given meanings.

a. mattera situation that you must deal with

b. disgusting unpleasant, horrible

c. row noisy quarrel

d. gosh ⇛ expression of surprise

e. goldfisha small orange or redfish

f. buryto put something under the ground

B. Choose the correct answer for the following.

a. What is the relationship between Ramila and Ramesh?

i. friends     ii. brother and sister         iii. husband and wife

b. Who is woken up by the noise?

i. Silu         ii. Silu's father                   iii. Silu's mother

c. Why is Ramila certain it's not the milkman in their neighbour's garden? 

i. because their neighbours never get milk delivered to their house

ii. because it's too early for a milkman to deliver milk             

iii. because the man is carrying a spade

c. What do Ramesh and Ramila suspect about Mr Dahal?

i. They think he has killed the fish.

ii. They think he has broken plates and glasses. 

iii. They think he has killed Mrs Dahal.

d. What was Mr Dahal actually doing in the garden?

i. He was burying the dead fish.  

ii. He was burying the dead body.          iii. He was planting potatoes.

e. What was the party like last night?

i. It was quiet.       iii. It was noisy.    iii. It was violent.

f. Who had broken the goldfish tank?

i. Mr Dahal            ii. Mrs Dahal         iii. the guest

Answer:

a. What is the relationship between Ramila and Ramesh?

iii. husband and wife

b. Who is woken up by the noise?

iii. Silu's mother

c. Why is Ramila certain it's not the milkman in their neighbour's garden?

ii. because it's too early for a milkman to deliver milk

d. What do Ramesh and Ramila suspect about Mr Dahal?

iii. They think he has killed Mrs Dahal.

e. What was Mr Dahal actually doing in the garden?

ii. He was burying the dead body.

f. What was the party like last night?

ii. It was noisy.

g. Who had broken the goldfish tank?

ii. Mrs Dahal

C. Write T for true statements, F for false ones and NG if the information is not given in the text.

a. Silu is the daughter of Ramesh and Ramila. T

b. Ramesh and Ramila are disturbed by the first noise at midnight. F

c. The Dahals have a good relationship with their neighbours. NG

d. The Dahals always quarrel after parties. T

e. Ramesh and Ramila called the police to arrest Mr Dahal. F

f. Mr Dahal wants his children to know about the death of the fish. F

D. Have you ever been disturbed in the middle of the night? What happened? Share your experiences with your friends.

Grammar II

A. Change the following statements into questions, asking for information as indicated in the brackets.

a. They went to Spain last week. (When)

b. Mr Chaudhari lives in Pokhara. (Where)

c. I finally discovered the truth. (What)

d. She wants to learn the English language to find a better job. (Why)

e. They are having lunch now. (What)

f. You can send the application by mail. (How)

g. They have informed the police about the incident. (Whom)

h. The Smiths sold the house where they had lived for five years. (Which)

Answer:

a. When did they go to Spain?

b. Where does Mr. Chaudhari live?

c. What did you finally discover?

d. Why does she want to learn the English language?

e. What are they doing now?

f. How can you send the application?

g. Whom have they informed about the incident?

h. Which house did the Smiths sell?

B. Change the following questions into indirect speech. Use the given sentence starters.

a. “Where are you from?”

 My new friend asked me………………..

b. “Where is the nearest bank?”

 The stranger enquired ………………

c. "What have you been doing until now?"

 My mother wanted to know……………

d. They said, “How long have you been living here?”

 They asked …………………….

e. "Who is the Prime Minister of Canada?"

 My brother wanted to know ……….

f. "What does your father do?"

 Rohan enquired ……………………….

g. "Where were you living before you came here?"

 She asked me…………………

h. "Who will bell the cat?"

 The old mouse asked …………………

i. "What time does the train leave?"

 She wanted to know……….

j. "How could you desert me?"

 She wondered ………………..

Answer:

a. My new friend asked me where I was from.

b. The stranger inquired where the nearest bank was.

c. My mother wanted know what I had been doing until then.

d. They asked how long I had been living there.

e. My brother wanted to know who was the Prime Minister of Canada.

f. Rohan inquired what his father did.

g. She asked me where I had been living before you had come there.

h. The old mouse asked who would bell the cat.

i. She wanted to know what time the train left.

j. She wondered how I could desert her.

C. Collect at least ten statements and change them into wh-questions. Swap with a partner and check each other's answers.

Original Statements:

  1. She likes to travel to new places.

  2. He enjoys playing football on weekends.

  3. The movie starts at 8 PM.

  4. They ate dinner at the new Italian restaurant.

  5. She is reading a novel by Stephen King.

  6. He listens to jazz music when he's studying.

  7. The park is open from 6 AM to 10 PM.

  8. They went to the beach last weekend.

  9. She studied Spanish for three years in high school.

  10. He works as a software developer for a tech company.

Wh-Questions:

  1. Where does she like to travel?

  2. What does he enjoy doing on weekends?

  3. What time does the movie start?

  4. Where did they eat dinner?

  5. What novel is she reading?

  6. What kind of music does he listen to when studying?

  7. What are the park hours?

  8. What did they do last weekend?

  9. How long did she study Spanish for in high school?

  10. What is his job?

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