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Unit - 13 Organization Profile and Authority [Class-9]

Getting started

Which organizations do these logos represent? Discuss why these organizations were established.

Answer these questions.

What does ADB stand for?

Does this organisation work in Nepal?

Answer:

ADB stands for Asian Development Bank.

Yes, it works in Nepal.

Reading I -Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI)

What is ADBI?

Find the words from the text and solve the crossword puzzle.

Across

a medium where people exchange their opinions and idea

a plan to achieve a particular purpose

utilisation of a decision

a common opinion

a large official meeting

view point

Down

a meeting for discussion

a formal plan

Answer:

Across

forum

strategy

implication

consensus

conference

perspective

Down

collaboration

conference

proposal

Fill in the gaps with correct words/phrases from the text.

The ………works under the direction of the ADB President.

The organisation emphasises its activities in the areas where it has ……

It provides …….for policy makers in its developing member countries.

The basis for research topics are ADB's ………………

ADBI has close relations with various …………think tanks.

Answer:

The development works under the direction of the ADB President.

The organisation emphasises its activities in the areas where it has strategic advantages.

It provides intellectual input for policy makers in its developing member countries.

The basis for research topics are ADB's priority sectors and themes.

ADBI has close relations with various national and regional think tanks.

Answer the following questions.

What does ADBI stand for?

Who is this organisation supported by?

State any two objectives of ADBI.

How does ADBI run its programmes?

What do the ADBI's research programmes contribute to?

What are the forms of ADBI's capacity-building and training programmes?

How does it distribute its research results and outputs?

Answer:

ADBI stands for Asian Development Bank Institute.

This organisation is supported by an independent Advisory Council.

The objectives of ADBI are to identify effective development strategies and improve the capacity for sound development of the agencies and organisations engaged in development work in ADB’s developing member countries.

ADBI runs its programmes by conducting research with a focus on medium to long-term development issues of strategic importance and through capacity building and training (CBT).

The ADBI's research programmes contribute to the development policy debate and help to identify effective development strategies and improve the capacity for sound development in the region.

The forms of ADBI's capacity-building and training programmes are policy dialogues, course-based training, and e-learning.

ADBI distributes its research results and outputs through multiple channels, including media, publications, webpage and social media.

Name any three international organisations that are working in Nepal. Talk to your friends about their objectives and functions.

Grammar I

Make as many sentences as possible from the table below.

A rice cooker

A washing machine

She's got a driving license

Mahanta took Maths

Mina went to university

in order to

to

is for

is meant for

drive a bus.

be a lecturer.

be an engineer.

drive a car.

washing clothes. cooking rice.

Example: Mina went to university to be a lecturer.

A rice cooker is meant for cooking rice.

A washing machine is meant for washing clothes.

She's got a driving license to drive a bus.

Mahanta took Maths to be an engineer……

Fill in the blanks with because/because of/so that/to/for/ although/in spite of.

………..it rained heavily, we played the football match.

We couldn’t enjoy the trekking much …………the snowfall.

………..all our efforts, we couldn't run the programme smoothly.

Deepak went back to the village………….he could enjoy a pleasant life there.

He went to hospital ………see a doctor.

I bought an envelope ……….sending a letter.

I could not attend my classes yesterday ……….I was feeling unwell.

Suprima accepted the job……….the salary, which was quite low.

I could not get to sleep ………the noise.

I managed to get to sleep ……….there was a lot of noise.

Answer:

although

because of

in spite of

so that

to

for

because

in spite of

because of

although

Writing I

Study the given advertisement.

TIGER SHOES

The best sports shoes. So remarkably original, that no other shoes have managed to match Tiger. Tiger 50% off

at New Year shoes are made for champions. To win the game, everyone should  wear Tiger.

Only use with special Tiger socks.

Design similar advertisements for the following items. Use the given prompts.

headline picture/illustration        features      offer      warranty

calculator                    b.  mobile phone          c. watch

Reading II

Answer the following questions.

When do you usually congratulate people?

Answer: We usually congratulate people when they achieve something good thing in their life.

Mention the occasions you have been congratulated.

Answer: I have been congratulated when I received first prize in essay competition.

A. Find the words from the text and complete the sentences.

I really admire you for your ………….. explanation.

An ……. person can, no doubt, see many positive things at a glance.

The work was done with a professional ……………….

Please make every ………….. to arrive on time.

Parents are ………… proud of their children’s achievements.

Answer:

impressive

unbiased

standard

news

justifiably

Answer the following questions.

a        Where does Anil Gurung live?

b        Why is Anil Gurung writing this letter?

c        Why is her new position an opportunity for Mrs. Rai?

d        What does Anil Gurung expect from Mrs. Rai as the chief editor?

e        How can you say that Anil Gurung is a helpful person?

f         What could be the relationship between Mrs. Rai and Anil Gurung?

Answer:

Anil Gurung lives in Changunarayan, Bhaktapur.

Anil Gurung is writing this letter to congratulate Mrs Rai on her recent      appointment to the Chief Editor of The Nepal Times.

Her new position an opportunity for Mrs. Rai is to set the standard for future chief editors.

Anil Gurung expects unbiased news stories and articles from Mrs. Rai as the chief editor.

I can say that Anil Gurung is a helpful person because he promises to assist her.

The relationship between Mrs. Rai and Anil Gurung could be friends.

Have you ever sent a letter of congratulations to anybody? Why did you send it? Share your experiences and feelings.

Grammar II

Join the following pairs of sentences with the connectives given in the brackets.

I couldn't sleep. I was tired. (despite)

They have little money. They are living happily. (even though)

He went to the tap. He wanted to bring a pail of water. (in order to)

I enjoyed the film. The story was not very good. (though)

We live in the same colony. We hardly meet each other. (in spite of)

I was not wet. I had an umbrella. (because)

I ate all the food. It was not very tasty. (although)

He went to the bank. He could cash the cheque. (so that)

Answer:

I couldn’t sleep despite my tiredness.

They are living happily even though they have little money.

He went to the tap in order to bring a pail of water.

I enjoyed the film though the story was not very good.

We hardly meet each other in spite of living in the same colony.

I was not wet because I had an umbrella.

I ate all the food although it was not very tasty.

He went to the bank so that he could cash the cheque.

Writing II

Study the given message of congratulations.

Congratulations!

Our special thanks and

tribute

to

Mr Mahabir Pun,

President of ENRD for being awarded

The Ramon Magsaysay Award,

2007.

This was for his outstanding contribution to Community Leadership and bringing unprecedented changes in rural livelihoods through the use of Internet Technology.

E-Network Research and Development, Nepal

Write a message of congratulations to your neighbour who has received a full scholarship to complete his or her studies.

Answer

Congratulations!

My special thanks and tribute to

Mr. Ashok Poudel,

For getting full scholarship to study micro biology in Indira Gandhi University, India. Congrats! It’s so decent to see that your diligent work has at last paid off. Make good use of your scholarship. The success of this scholarship opens the entryways to your splendid future.

I am so pleased and proud of your great achievement. May the Almighty keep his grace on you to achieve many great things in life.  Keep it up, dear

Mr. Anupam Pandit

Imagine that your uncle/aunt has been elected as the Mayor/ Chairperson of your Municipality or Rural Municipality. Write a formal message of congratulations to him/her to be published in a newspaper.

Answer

Congratulations!

My special thanks and tribute to

Mr. Arjan Sharma,

For getting golden chance to be elected as the mayor of Daran Municipality, Province-1, Nepal. Your election comes at a time of crisis for Nepal including different local governments. I hope you will certainly solve different problems of the municipality. Congrats! It’s so decent to see that your diligent work has at last paid off. Make good use of your intelligent. Heartiest felicitation of this opportunity opens the entryways to your splendid future and the progress of the municipality.

I wish your success during your mandate as Chairperson of the municipality.

Mr. Denial D

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