Sugarloaf Mountain: People & Places - NEB English Class 10 Exercise
Sugarloaf Mountain, located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is an iconic natural landmark that stands tall at 1,299 feet (396 meters). This majestic peak, known as Pão de Açúcar in Portuguese, captivates visitors with its breathtaking views and rich history. From its famous cable car ride to its status as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sugarloaf Mountain offers an unforgettable experience. Adventure seekers can test their skills on its granite cliffs, while film enthusiasts may recognize it from various movies and TV shows. With its striking beauty and cultural significance, Sugarloaf Mountain continues to be a must-visit destination for travelers from around the globe.
Here are five interesting facts about Sugarloaf Mountain:
Iconic Landmark: Sugarloaf Mountain, known as Pão de Açúcar in Portuguese, is a famous natural landmark located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It stands at a height of 1,299 feet (396 meters) and is recognized globally as one of the city's most recognizable symbols.
Cable Car Ride: One of the most popular ways to reach the summit of Sugarloaf Mountain is by taking a cable car ride. The journey involves two cable cars, the first taking visitors to Morro da Urca and the second ascending to the peak of Sugarloaf Mountain. The breathtaking views of Rio de Janeiro and its surrounding landscape make this experience truly memorable.
UNESCO World Heritage Site: Sugarloaf Mountain, along with the nearby Corcovado Mountain (home to the Christ the Redeemer statue), is part of the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea site. This recognition highlights the exceptional natural beauty of the area.
Rock Climbing Destination: Sugarloaf Mountain is a popular destination for rock climbing enthusiasts. It offers a variety of routes suitable for climbers of different skill levels. Scaling the steep granite cliffs and reaching the summit provides an exhilarating adventure and stunning views of the city.
Filming Location: Sugarloaf Mountain has been featured in several films and TV shows. It has appeared in the James Bond film "Moonraker" and served as a backdrop for the movie "Rio" and the reality show "The Amazing Race." Its distinctive shape and picturesque setting make it a sought-after location for filmmakers.
A. Match these words with their meanings.
a. landmark- viii. covered with buildings across a large area
b. spectacular- v. very impressive
c. sprawling- iii. a piece of land that is almost entirely surrounded by water and is attached to a larger land area
d. tranquil- iv. calm, quiet, and peaceful
e. blockbusters- ii. very successful films
f. fortifications- i. walls or other constructions built to strengthen a place against attack
g. peninsula- vi. an object or structure on land that is easy to see and recognize
h. bustling- vii. full of lively activity
B. We can form adjectives by adding ing or '-ed' at the end of the verbs as in sprawling, bustling and unfolding in the text. Complete the following sentences by changing the verb in the brackets into an adjective by adding 'ing' or 'ed'.
a. The children were ..annoyed.... when they missed the beginning of the movie. (annoy)
b. Have you read Agni by Nabarai Lamsal? It's a great book if you are ..interested...in reading poems. (interest)
c. The result of the game was....surprising.... The best team didn't win! (surprise)
d. I don't enjoy going out with Sumi. She's the most....boring.. person I've ever mot. (bore)
e. The students were so ..... excited...when their school decided to take them on a trip. (excite)
f. Angela was quite ...terrified....when she was flying for the first time. (terrify)
g. I love to go to the fairs because they perform very .....interesting... magic. (interest)
C. Match the paragraphs in Reading II with their correct headings.
A. - iv. Rock Climbing
B. - i. Neighboring Mountains
C. - v. Hollywood Star
D. - iii. Guanabara Bay
E. - ii. Awesome Cable Car Ride
D. Answer these questions.
a. Where is Sugarloaf Mountain located?
Sugarloaf Mountain is located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
b. How did the mountain get the name 'Sugarloaf Mountain'?
The mountain got the name 'Sugarloaf Mountain' due to its unique shape that resembles a traditional form of refined sugar used in the 19th century.
c. Do you think many people can do rock-climbing at a time when they visit the mountain? Why?
Many people can do rock climbing at a time when they visit Sugarloaf Mountain. It is one of the largest and most popular urban rock-climbing destinations in the world, with 270 different routes to explore. It offers ample opportunities for climbers to ascend the mountain and enjoy the experience.
d. Which of the sites do you think the children would love to visit? Why?
Children would love to visit Morro de Urca, also known as Urca's mountain, which is one of the neighbouring natural wonders. It offers a play area for children and a restaurant that serves delicious dishes, providing a fun and enjoyable experience for young visitors.
e. Name the first film in which Sugarloaf Mountain was featured.
The first film in which Sugarloaf Mountain was featured is "Now, Voyager" in 1942, starring Bette Davis.
f. What is historic about Guanabara Bay?
Guanabara Bay is historic because it was home to several fortifications built by the colonial government in the 16th century. It holds historical significance in the region.
g. What should you do to enjoy the best scene of Guanabara Bay?
To enjoy the best scene of Guanabara Bay, I should take the two cable cars that take me to the summit of Sugarloaf Mountain. From there, I can enjoy stunning views of Rio de Janeiro, including the beautiful natural scenery of Guanabara Bay and the surrounding area.
E. Do you think a visitor should ride cable cars while visiting the mountain? Why? Which of the facts of Sugarloaf Mountain interested you the most? Give reasons.
Yes, a visitor should definitely ride cable cars while visiting Sugarloaf Mountain. Riding the cable cars offers a unique and breathtaking experience, providing stunning views of Rio de Janeiro from a height of 1296 feet. The cars themselves are enclosed by glass panels, allowing visitors to enjoy the panoramic scenery while feeling safe and comfortable. Ascending to the summit in the cable cars allows visitors to witness the scenic combination of a bustling city, a tranquil bay, and a sparkling ocean, all in one sweeping view. It is a memorable way to appreciate the beauty of the surroundings and fully immerse oneself in the natural and urban wonders of the area.
A. Complete the following sentences choosing the correct preposition from the brackets.
a. I love to travel. Therefore, I went to Delhi ....by....(on, by, at) plane last week.
b. Namrata visited Lumbini ...in..... (in, since, from) 2002.
c. My best friend lives....in.... (in, at, on) a beautiful house ....across..... (across, at, on) the street.
d. We had to walk ....up to... (until, as far as, up to) the edge of tha desert to find water.
e. The Prime Minister died....of...(from, with, of) a head injury a few days (after, on, at) his accident.
f. My family has been living ...in... (on, in, at) Dharan ....for... (since, for, in) two years.
g. I am very pleased..to... (in, with, to) meet you.
h. He is a tall boy ....with....(in, with, on) long brown hair.
i. Guman Singh is a student ..at...(in, on, at) Tribhuvan University.
j. ...On.....(on, in, at) November 2, we will start our new semester.
k. I love your house ...by...(by, with, at) the river.
l. She misses her grandfather because she has not met him ....for....(in, for, on) ages.
B. Complete the text below with the correct prepositions.
I live .....in...Bhairahawa, but every summer I like to travel...to...Pokhara. I am afraid of travelling by plane. Last summer I decided I would travel....by... bus. According to the ticket I received.....from..... the travel agency, the bus would leave Pokhara .......at... 9:15 pm......on...Friday and arrive ...in..... Pokhara the following day at 5:30 .....in the morning. The travel would include boating ....in...Phewa Lake. .....from.... one end of the lake....to....another end. We would also drive ....to..... different beautiful places. It would be really wonderful.
There are many tourist destinations in Nepal. Choose one of them and write a letter or an email to your foreign friend mentioning the interesting facts about the place. Also invite him/her to visit the place.
9th May, 2023
Dear [Friend's Name],
I hope this letter finds you in good health and high spirits. I wanted to share with you the remarkable beauty of Pokhara, a mesmerizing tourist destination nestled in the heart of Nepal. It's a place that truly captivates the senses and offers an unforgettable experience.
Pokhara is renowned for its breathtaking landscapes, tranquil lakes, and majestic mountain views. Situated at the foothills of the Himalayas, this enchanting city is often referred to as the "Gateway to the Annapurna Circuit," one of the world's most renowned trekking routes. Here are a few interesting facts that make Pokhara a must-visit destination:
Stunning Lakes: Pokhara is home to several beautiful lakes, with Phewa Lake being the most prominent one. The calm waters of Phewa Lake reflect the snow-capped peaks of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountains, creating an awe-inspiring vista. You can take a boat ride on the lake, visit the Tal Barahi Temple located on a small island, or simply relax on the lakeside and enjoy the serene ambiance.
Adventure Sports: If you're an adventure enthusiast, Pokhara offers an array of exhilarating activities. Paragliding over the city will give you a bird's-eye view of the breathtaking landscapes. You can also indulge in activities like zip-lining, bungee jumping, and ultralight flights, providing an adrenaline rush like no other.
Peaceful Escape: Pokhara provides a peaceful retreat for those seeking solace amidst nature. The city is surrounded by lush green hills, cascading waterfalls, and quaint villages. Take a walk along the lakeside promenade, explore the vibrant marketplaces, or venture into the nearby countryside to experience the rich cultural heritage of the region.
Sarangkot Sunrise: Just a short drive from Pokhara lies Sarangkot, a hill station famous for its stunning sunrise views. Wake up early and make your way to Sarangkot to witness the first rays of the sun illuminating the majestic Annapurna and Machhapuchhre (Fishtail) mountains. The awe-inspiring panorama will leave you breathless.
Hospitality and Warmth: One of the most delightful aspects of visiting Pokhara is the warm hospitality of the Nepalese people. Their friendly nature and welcoming demeanor will make you feel right at home. You'll have the opportunity to savor delicious traditional cuisine and immerse yourself in the vibrant local culture.
With its natural wonders, cultural richness, and adventurous spirit, Pokhara is a destination that will create memories to last a lifetime. I warmly invite you to experience the magic of this place firsthand. I am confident that you will be captivated by its charm, tranquility, and awe-inspiring beauty.
Please let me know if you are interested in visiting Pokhara, and I would be more than happy to assist you with any travel arrangements or provide additional information about the region. I can't wait to explore this remarkable destination together and create unforgettable memories.
Take care and hope to see you soon!